What are Planning Types-Frequently Asked Questions-Types of Planning

Types of Planning

Developing contingency plans and establishing a strategy framework are two examples of how planning is vital to the functioning of a successful organization. Organizations that fail to do adequate planning may face serious consequences. Anticipating future events is an important part of strategic planning since it helps to reduce uncertainty. By proactively thinking and projecting potential risks, management is better prepared to deal with unexpected events and effectively plan for the future. Despite the inherent unpredictability of future occurrences, managers might benefit from taking a proactive approach and establishing contingency plans. In this post, we’ll examine the types of planning and grab extensive knowledge on the topics.

The various types of ongoing and strategic planning that facilitate the fulfillment of both specific and overall goals benefit the organization as a whole tremendously. To adjust to an organization’s dynamic conditions, the highest-ranking managers engage in a detailed and systematic procedure known as planning.

Types of Planning

The planning phase is without a doubt the most important aspect of management. The first component of the six core administrative duties, known as POSDCORB (planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, and reporting), is planning. Properly implementing a business strategy often has its roots in the preceding planning. However, the approach used in this procedure is more difficult than it appears. It is necessary not just for completing everyday chores but also for achieving long-term goals. This suggests that there is much room for variety in implementing management plans. The types of planning includes the following:

Preparing for Operations

The operational plan’s function is to monitor and control the tactical plan’s implementation. This type of planning provides a strategic strategy for the company to achieve its objectives. Work schedules and duties, as well as policies, rules, and processes, are all part of operational planning. These schemes intertwine with tactical and strategic plans. They provide utility across a variety of operational domains and focus on the organization’s resources. Frontline people or low-level supervisors develop the operational strategy, which focuses on specific processes and procedures at the most fundamental organizational levels. This category includes people who are in charge of operational planning.

Preparedness for Uncertainty

Unpredictable events might occur in the business sector. Business experts refer to the development of a strategic strategy to overcome unforeseen obstacles as “Special Planning.” It is prudent to prepare contingency plans in case your current circumstances change unexpectedly. Managers might benefit from contingency preparations even if they are aware of the changes ahead of time. Given the complexities of the corporate world, contingency planning is critical.

Planning for a Single Cycle

“Single cycle planning” describes a planning type that initiates with the aim of achieving specified goals and addressing predetermined concerns. Once these goals and issues are met, we consider the planning process complete. A single-cycle maintenance plan is the most fundamental type of maintenance plan. We will design and implement a performance-based or time-based maintenance cycle. During this servicing cycle, we will set defined time intervals for implementing the maintenance schedule.

Strategy Formation

A set of careful tactical plans supports the overarching strategic plan. The implementation of these tactics marks the start of the project. Developed based on the blueprint provided by tactical plans, the strategic plan serves as the underlying structure for the organization’s efforts. This technique is usually just temporary, lasting little more than a year. The tactical planning process deconstructs overarching strategic plans into more manageable components.

Tactical planning entails prioritizing tasks in order to achieve time-constrained objectives. This sort of preparation makes it easier to attain the goals outlined in the strategy. Middle management within a business typically handles the majority of outsourced strategic planning. The first step in developing a tactical plan is to define objectives for one or two divisions, and this method is then repeated for the next division.

Methodical Arranging

When considering the proposal, administration, or financing of a certain activity or program, the state benefits from having a functional plan that delineates the corresponding policies, statewide regulations, and priorities. The strategy used by a company or its many departments (manufacturing, marketing, finance, human resources, physical plant, etc.) to handle challenges that are particular to them is known as “functional planning.” When establishing this approach, keep the objectives of the comprehensive plan in mind.

Strategic Arranging

The creation of strategic goals and objectives by an organization’s higher management is referred to as “top-level planning.” In the context of this planning, the institution’s highest-ranking administrators and executives develop the institution’s overarching objectives, policies, programs, and budgets.The plan’s components include verbal descriptions of its aims and objectives, governing principles, standards, and plan suggestions, as well as a collection of maps and diagrams. When taken together, these pieces offer a picture of the neighborhood’s future.

Planning for Rectification

Corrective plans, reacting to external variations, are beneficial for a business’s long-term objectives, policies, procedures, sales, and production system. A corrective action plan, which is quality management paperwork, outlines the steps taken to remedy flaws and weaknesses in business processes that, if left untreated, may have negative effects for the firm. This report contains an analysis of prospective difficulties that could harm the business. It defines the organization’s approach for dealing with a problem that is inhibiting its progress toward its objectives.

Formulation of Plans

The company’s executive management undertakes strategic planning with the goal of gradually achieving substantial objectives. This level of planning is necessary before starting a new business. Strategic plans often include an outline of the organization’s short- and long-term goals. It also includes the creation of plans and key performance indicators (KPIs), as well as the evaluation of their effectiveness.The strategic plan provides a succinct justification for the need of planning. Upper-level management is typically in charge of activities that necessitate a forward-thinking mindset and strategic planning. To create a vision, one must first analyze the big picture, which demands mission processing.

Prior to initiating strategic planning, the organization performs an enterprise-wide audit. The organization’s foundation is built on this audit, and it acts as the governing concept that shapes its destiny. Moreover, strategic planning usually includes scenarios that span several years, often ten years in the future. A strategic plan demands careful consideration of the organization’s vision, mission, and values.

Formulation of Plans

The planning process applies to any issue or project that the organization is currently dealing with. Project planning entails establishing how to carry out vital, costly, and time-consuming activities. Conducting market research, constructing a new facility, investigating the prospect of innovation, developing an information system, and launching a public relations campaign are examples of such undertakings. Project planning is a subset of project management that includes the use of schedules such as Gantt charts to organize and report on project progress. You can create a project plan manually or use specialized software designed for that purpose.

Planned Continuity

Standing planning involves consistently implementing plans. Individuals devise these tactics with the future in mind. These plans define the organization’s policies, structure, the Framework, production process, and standard operating procedures in great detail. A “standing plan” is a comprehensive strategy designed for use on several occasions. Individuals typically conceive it due to the necessity to address the requirements associated with repeating decisions and repetitive operations. Organizations commonly use it to compile their rules, procedures, and regulations for routine situations. Various types of planning, such as strategic planning, tactical planning, and operational planning, are essential for organizational success.

Timetable Construction

The term “schedule planning” refers to the process of organizing activities for the near future. At the moment, each activity in the program has a monetary value equal to its time worth. This strategy is based on the dynamic interaction between work and leisure. The benefits of the hands-on approach are introduced throughout the curriculum. A schedule plan, also known as a schedule management plan, is an essential component in the field of project management. Project managers create schedule plans to outline the start and finish dates, significant milestones during the project, and particular job completion requirements.


When do you Start Planning?

The planning technique includes goal formulation, task delineation, resource identification, schedule establishment, progress monitoring and evaluation, plan finalization, and team communication.

Why do we have Planning Problems?

Unrealized opportunities, unsolved disputes or problems, attempts to implement new management programs in response to new initiatives or rules, and the depletion of public use values or resources are all examples of planning issues. Each of these circumstances can be classified as a “planning issue.”

How do you Begin the Planning Process?

The first stage of any planning process is to establish specific end goals for the project. The task assigned to the managers involved meticulously outlining the organization’s aims, taking into account both the general context and the available resources.


Active planning entails deciding what you want to achieve and finding the most efficient way to do it. Effective planning allows one to see the large picture and the actions required to reach one’s goals. Groups and teams, whether formed as members of a formal or informal organization, require guidance to achieve their objectives. The types of planning has a strong role to play in the whole process which you should be aware of it while conducting various business activities. If you’re interested in exploring process of planning, click here to read more and discover hidden gems around the world.

Scroll to Top